Purpose: To record the events of Israel's deliverance from Egypt and development as a nation.
Date Written: 1450-1410 bc, during Israel's wandering in the wilderness.
Setting: Egypt, God's people, once highly favored in the land during this the time of Joseph are now slaves. God is about to set them free.
Key People: Moses, Moses' mother (Jochabed), Miriam, Pharaoh, Pharaoh's daughter, Jethro, Aaron, Joshua, Bezalel
Key Places: Egypt, Goshen, Nile River, Land of Midian, Red Sea, Sinai Peninsula, Mount Sinai
Special Features: Exodus relates more miracles than any other Old Testament book and is noted for containing the Ten Commandments.
*Slavery - The Israelites were slaves for 400 years. Physical slavery is like slavery to sin. The longer you are a slave, the more difficult breaking free becomes. Gaining freedom from sin requires God's power.
*Guidance - God guided Israel out of slavery by using the plagues, Moses' leadership, the miracle of the Red Sea, and the Ten Commandments. God demonstrates his power in our life through the guidance of wise leaders and the effort of Christian friends working together. He can be trusted to give us the guidance we need to follow his will.
*Ten Commandments - Through the Ten Commandments, God taught Israel the importance of making the right choices and accepting responsibility for one's actions. Both are key to our growth as Christians.
*The Nation - God established the nation o fIsrael to be the source of truth and salvation to all the world. Israel's newly formed nation models for us the need to depend upon God. Whether we are rebellious or obedient, God remains our only source of absolute, eternal truth and life.